Of course, even today some chemical treatment is necessary to create permanent curls. Hair stylists also refer to the process as 'permanent hair shaping'. The shaping involves breaking certain protein bridges in the hair before it is fixed in a new wavy shape. When opting for a hair perm, it is a good idea to treat the hair gently and with a lot of care before, during and after the perm. Luckily, there are plenty of special care products at your fingertips. These products protect each individual strand of hair with substances like keratin and collagen. Today’s perms already contain plenty of care products. Silk proteins in perm lotions give your hair a supple texture, Aloe Vera provides moisture and amino acids help retain the hair’s vitality and elasticity.
Different Perm Styles: Curls, Waves and Volume
Perms can create different styles, from afro curls to generous waves. Along with the right curly hair products they can help tame even the most obstinate cowlicks. When it comes to perms for long hair, however, there are limits in terms of hair length. It is difficult to reshape hair that is more than 12 inches (30 cm) long, because such hair is too heavy to be reshaped. The curls would simply straighten out due to the weight of the hair. Dependent on the size of the perm rods and the applied technique, a perm will create more volume at the roots or create curls all through your hair. As a general rule, the larger the perm rods are, the larger the waves will be. Larger permanent waves also tend to lose their shape faster than small curls.
Hair must be rolled up with quite a bit of tension in order to permanently reshape it. This limits the size of effective perm rods. Regular round perm rods have diameters between 0.1 and 0.8 inches (0.3 – 2 cm). Other perm rod choices are spiral rods for corkscrew curls, or tapered rods in the hair for permanent waves that are incredibly natural-looking.
Aftercare for Perms: Hair Treatments
Once you have decided to perm your hair, it is essential to care for it properly afterwards. Even though today's perms are gentler than ever, freshly permed hair needs special aftercare. Specially formulated shampoo and rinses for permed hair are designed to restore stressed or curly hair to smooth luster. They contain precious plant oils and the building blocks of hair in liquid form, which are especially effective after a perm. Leave-in hair treatments are especially convenient and effective for this purpose. You are going to love applying your weekly hair treatment. It should be routine after a perm. Don't forget to pamper your permanent waves with a rich mask, which is particularly effective if you leave it in your hair overnight. Please remember not to use any hair color treatments for at least one week after a perm. This may be too much stress for your hair and scalp all at once. You may like to consider gentler alternatives like hair tinting or a color shampoo instead.
Weblinks (More on Perms)
Not a '80ies Nightmare >> The New Perms